The temple was dedicated to Portunus, a youthful god associated with water crossings and seaports. The rectangular building rests on a high podium with a single flight of steps leading to a pronaos, or portico, and a single cella.
The structure was built out of travertine and tuff, originally plastered to imitate Greek marble. The frieze is decorated with garlands, putti, candelabra, and the popular ancient bucranium or ox-skull motif. The building was converted into a Christian church in the ninth century, when the interior of the cella was decorated with a fine cycle of frescoes depicting scenes from the life of Mary.
This undoubtedly saved it from being pulled apart for building materials.
In the s the temple was freed of additions that had been added over time, and some conservation measures were taken to protect the structure.
Ancient history preserved in a rare Roman Republican temple Local authorities carried out an assessment of the building in The temple was included on the World Monuments Watch, and in that year we collaborated with the Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma to initiate its complete restoration.
From to the four interior walls of the temple and their medieval frescos were completely restored, including detached fragments of the artwork.
During the same period of time a new door was installed at the entrance to the cella and a new wooden roof was constructed, incorporating ancient roof tiles and carefully designed drainage. Starting inthe front pediment on the north side of the temple was cleaned and restored. This phase of the project included biocide treatments, cleaning, and the replacement of old iron wall clamps and beams with stainless steel reinforcements.
The east wall was restored between March and the spring ofand the south wall was completed in Conservation of the west wall is expected to be finished in September Studied and admired since the Renaissance, the Temple of Portunus has been used to illustrate many treatises on classical architecture.
Today it continues to be an educational resource for those interested in the Forum Boarium and the other structures and areas in Rome that once formed part of this ancient commercial center.The Pantheon has been called a “perfect” space because the diameter of the rotunda is equal to that of its height (43m, ft).
The purpose of this space was to suggest geometrical perfection and symmetry in the context of a perfect universe.
The interior space could fit perfectly either in a cube or in a sphere. The purpose of this essay is to identify the differences between the Greek and Roman architecture of Antiquity.
Although Greek and Roman architecture have various similarities, it is important to identify the differences and the ways the Romans chose to adapt their influences.
The Pantheon may well be the first building from Classical architecture where the interior is deliberately made to outshine the exterior. The circular part of the building or rotunda was entranced via two bronze doors measuring 12 x metres (those of today are ancient but not original).
Temple of Portunus Rome, Italy The Temple of Portunus, dating to the first century B.C., is a rare survivor of Roman Republican architecture and a reminder of the former magnificence of the Forum Boarium, a major commercial area along the banks of the Tiber in antiquity.
The Temple of Portunus is important not only for its well preserved architecture and the inspiration that architecture has fostered, but also as a reminder of what the built landscape of Rome was once like - dotted with temples large and small that became foci of a great deal of activity in the life of the city.
The Parthenon is a Doric temple supported by ionic columns. It has a rectangular floor and is made entirely from marble, with a limestone base.
An ionic frieze runs around its .
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