Jewish Political Studies Review I believed then that the free world, particularly after the Holocaust, would always be a staunch ally in the struggle against anti-Semitism. Unfortunately, I was wrong. Today, as a minister in the Israeli government in charge of monitoring anti-Semitism, I find myself regularly summoning the ambassadors of West European states to protest anti-Semitic attacks on Jews in their countries and the often meek response of their governments.
Jewish Political Studies Review It has been fostered in a great variety of ways by so many, for such a long time, in all European countries that one might consider this form of hate and discrimination as inherent to European culture and a part of European "values.
The European Union's attitude toward anti-Semitism is double-handed. Through its discriminatory declarations and votes in international bodies the EU acts as an arsonist, fanning the flames of anti-Semitism in its anti-Israeli disguise. Simultaneously it also serves as fireman, trying to quench the flames of classic religious and ethnic anti-Semitism.
France is paradigmatic of this approach. Although European anti-Semitism cannot be eradicated, certain steps can be taken to mitigate it. This requires a major change in discriminatory EU policies toward Israel. In the meantime there are increasing indications that the European battle against anti-Semitism may be used, to the contrary, to facilitate attacks on Israel.
The widespread resurgence of European anti-Semitism after the Holocaust suggests it is inherent in European culture and values. This does not imply that all or most Europeans are anti-Semites.
In a similar manner, a significant number of Europeans like ballet, while many others find it boring, decadent, or disgusting. Yet dancing is part of European culture and has been practiced as a performing art for a long time.
It originated in Europe, developed over many years, and is widely taught as well as frequently discussed by the cultural elite and shown in the major media. European anti-Semitism can be said to have similar characteristics. That many Europeans condemn, dislike, or are indifferent to anti-Semitism does not contradict its role in European culture, as statements of European politicians, the mainstream media, and leading intellectuals prove.
Also, various types of anti-Semitic sentiments are expressed in polls. The statistics would probably reveal that the number of European anti-Semites far exceeds those who like ballet. A phenomenon that develops intensely in an entire continent over a period of many centuries becomes deeply embedded in the societal mindset and behavior.
The anti-Semitic wave of the past few years seems to prove that it is impossible to eradicate such a deep-seated irrational attitude.
Let me state the point as simply as I can: What more could have been done? What more could and can we do to fight anti-Semitism?
He asserted that when civilizations clash, Jews die. In his view, in certain European circles, revenge is being taken against the Jews because "nobody will ever forgive the Jews for the Holocaust. He added that what should have been learned from the Holocaust is: It appears in waves, which may, but do not necessarily, correspond to developments in the Israeli-Arab conflict, with each wave being higher than the previous one.
A Millennium of Violence The beginning of violent European anti-Semitism is often traced to the Crusades at the end of the eleventh century.
Others claim it commenced in with organized mass murders of Jews in France, followed by massacres in areas that are now part of Germany.
The ethnic or "racist" variant of political Jew-hatred began in the late 19th century in Germany. At that time the term anti-Semitism first appeared. Fed also by the religious variety, this culminated in the genocide of the Holocaust.
In the immediate postwar period, democratic societies such as Norway, the Netherlands, and others discriminated in various ways against the Jews in many domains. Norwegian historian Bjarte Bruland, who played a key role in the national restitution negotiations of the mids, says that among the survivors of the small prewar Norwegian Jewish community there were many "stateless Jews who had fled to Sweden, some of whom had lived in Norway for as long as 50 years, prior to the war.
The Norwegian government initially refused to allow them to return to the country, a position which only later changed. The Netherlands provides one of many examples, including in regard to Anne Frank's memory. Twentieth-century Europe was a continent where a war criminal or a mass murderer had a better chance to survive than a Jewish child.
The reason for this was twofold: Many classic anti-Semitic prejudices are currently widespread in European society, while new ones are developing rapidly.
There are multiple forms of Jew-hatred among politicians, the media, the cultural elite, Christian clergy, schoolchildren, the less educated, among extreme rightists and the liberal Left, and especially in European Arab and Islamic circles.Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust Though external to the Jewish tradition, the phenomenon of anti-Semitism is central to the Jewish experience.
In the early Diaspora, Jews’ unusual monotheism, iconoclastic approach, and communal coherence often evoked social tensions with neighbors in the ancient world. Why extreme left-wing anti-Zionists are in the vanguard of antisemitic boycott campaigns. Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
   A person who holds such positions is called an antisemite. Antisemitism is generally considered to be a form of racism. A Brezhnev-era joke asked whether it was a crime to say that the party chairman was an idiot.
The answer was yes, because it’s a state secret. For those who miss Soviet-era humor, French President Emmanuel Macron has provided some consolation, by firing the French ambassador to Budapest for observing in a private memorandum that the president of Hungary is not an anti-Semite.
American sports executive Charlie Stillitano lures the biggest and most powerful football clubs to a summer tournament in the United States and Asia.
On the Jews and Their Lies; La France juive; Protocols of the Elders of Zion; The International Jew; The American Mercury; National Vanguard; Mein Kampf; Zweites Buch.