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Please select one of the following: Ethnomethodology is a recently developed sociological approach that seeks to analyze the full range of rules that people follow in everyday social interaction.
In his book Rules, Garfinkel wondered how jurors could work together and reach decisions without having known each other before and without understanding the technical rules of law. He decided that there must be a set of rules called ethnomethods that we all share and that we can call on for knowledge of how to behave in novel situations, as on a jury.
Ethnomethodologists share with Goffman and the dramaturgical approach an interest in the techniques that people use to create impressions in social situations, but they ask a different question about techniques. The folk rules that govern social interaction involve a great many implicit understandings and expectations, or background assumptions, that people have about one another.
These background assumptions are generally so taken for granted that they are rarely even noticed. Yet when the assumptions are disrupted, their influence on social behavior becomes evident.
Ethnomethodologists point out that even casual meetings are based on shared assumptions. To show just how true this is, Garfinkel devised what he called breeching experiments. In these experiments, people act as though they simply do not understand the basic, unspoken assumptions behind a conversation.
The following is an exchange that occurred between the subject S and the experimenter E: How is your girlfriend feeling?
I mean how is she feeling? Just explain a little clearer, what do you mean? How are your Med School applications coming? None of the assumptions the family usually based its interaction on was to be taken for granted.
Lawrence Wieder, who for instance, reports on a study of inmates at a halfway house designed to help prisoners who are about to be released adjust to life outs side of prison. He discovered a complex unspoken code that governed inmate behavior.
It also promoted sharing and loyalty among the inmates. According to Wieder, the inmate is letting his fellows know that the only reason he wants to go to the meeting is to get a pass.
He does not intend to break the code by Ethnomethodologists are less interested in the substance of the codes or the background assumptions than in the rules that people use to indicate that the codes and assumptions are shared.
Here are two easily understood rules that ethnomethodologists have identified. They might frown, or smile in a sarcastic way, or motion negatively with their arms.
The meanings of these gestures are widely shared and quickly understood.
They usually result in getting a conversation back on a normal course. Much is left unsaid in actual interaction. When they do this, they are using the etcetera principle.
They are agreeing not to stop the communication by asking for the needed information. But try to converse without them! People must follow rules in their everyday behavior, just as scientists must follow them in their experiments and players must in a Bibliography:This is the first of two papers outlining and demonstrating an ethnomethodological perspective upon nursing research.
The aim of this paper is to introduce the reader to some of the basic ideas of ethnomethodology, and to stimulate nursing researchers into questioning some of the presuppositions involved in their ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com Ethnomethodology term papers.
· Alfred Schutz philosophized about social science in a broad signification of the word. Methodological strategies in ethnomethodology Ethnomethodology proposes the study of social order as it is constituted in and through the socially organized ashio-midori.com "Ethnomethodology" Essays and Research Papers.
Ethnomethodology. Ethnomethodology is sociological perspective, founded by the Ethnomethodology: Harold Garfinkel Ethnomethodology is a term coined by Harold Garfinkel in the movement of sociology towards interpretivism. It took place in a marginal relationship to mainstream sociology and was.
Despite the fact that many sociologists use "reflexivity" as a synonym for "self-reflection," the way the term is used in ethnomethodology is different: it is meant "to describe the acausal and Sage, Sage "Research" series.
Compendium of theoretical papers, ethnomethodological studies, and discussions.
Maynard, Douglas and Kardash. Harold Garfinkel Essay. Harold Garfinkel is a sociologist who had recently passed away in the year - Harold Garfinkel Essay introduction. He was born in October of on the Eastern coast of the United States in New ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com · Ethnomethodology.
core definition. Ethnomethodology is an approach within sociology that focuses on the way people, as rational actors, make sense of their everyday world by employing practical reasoning rather than formal ashio-midori.com /ashio-midori.com