Purpose of a Position Paper:
Data is expressed as number within the sample who possess the characteristic. Probability determined using a Mann- Whitney U test. Why is Table 1 in most studies? Shows that demographic and prognostic variables were evenly balanced in the process of random allocation of subjects to experimental and control groups.
Components of Results section Results should answer main hypothesis or research question s Order of presenting results is arbitrary May be done in Table 1 in less-complicated studies; or be set apart to emphasize its importance.
Results that are "sidelights" should not receive equal weight When presenting the results for the main hypotheses, consider: Clear, concise, simple Is enough detail presented to allow the reader to determine whether the effect of the experimental treatment vs.
Were adverse effects reported? Do not state any differences were present between groups unless a significant P value is attached. You select those descriptive and inferential statistics you wish to use, and place them in the order that seems reasonable to you.
Tables and Graphs Presentation Tables and graphs must stand alone Can a member of your department unfamiliar with the study pick up your graph and explain its meaning to you?
Text should highlight the importance or meaning of the figures and tables, not repeat the data contained within them. Tables and graphs both carry a necessary part of the message- use both Do the numbers add up?
Are baseline values for the groups similar? Are tables and graphs clearly labeled and appropriately scaled? Are the results of statistical analysis presented? Can one determine what statistical test produced the result?
Choosing graph types To compare proportions and relative amounts How big? To show correlations how well does one thing predict another? If your results agree with previous work, fine. If they do not, explain why not, or you may leave it unresolved "We cannot account for the difference seen in Were there any problems with carrying out the method as originally planned?
Not enough men in the study?
Unanticipated amounts of side effects or pain? Failure to look at a crucial time interval? Any unsettled points in results? Look forward Implications for patient care, or for theory Suggestions for future research "If I had to do it over I would Conclusion Beware inappropriate conclusions beyond the range of the data, beyond the design of the study Abstract Contains all sections of paper Introduction with clinical importance and a key reference or two Methods in pertinent detail Results of testing the main hypothesis and most significant other results only Discussion a sentence or two on main implications or conclusion Structured abstracts See current abstracts in Anesth Analg or Anesthesiology?
Is ondansetron as effective as droperidol in prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting?
Miller PharmD, Michael P.This article first appeared in LexisNexis’s journal, Inhouse Counsel. Board papers are a bit like dirty dishes — once you’ve finished one lot, the next lot has piled up, and the board paper .
WRITE A PAPER FOR ME – A SMART REQUEST. Great online custom writing paper services that can write papers for money on any topic may play a vital role in a life of modern students.
It’s time once again to review those nasty errors that damage our credibility when we write. Not normally a fun task, but absolutely necessary. I promise to keep you amused to diminish the pain (or at least I’ll give it a shot).
As with the last time we explored grammatical errors, I feel. How to Write a Reaction Paper. When you write academic papers, you have various goals to achieve. For instance, you may inform your readers about some important facts or events or impress them by revealing your own point of view about certain issues in your essay.
Hire a highly qualified essay writer to cater for all your content needs. Whether you struggle to write an essay, coursework, research paper, annotated bibliography or dissertation, we’ll connect you with a screened academic writer for effective writing assistance.
Begin a discussion paper by selecting a topic that you are personally interested in and for which you have access to enough good research that supports the topic. Once you have chosen your topic, create an outline that maps out the main discussion points to cover in the paper.
Next, write an introduction.