Birth and family[ edit ] Italian Lire banknote approx.
Self-Perfection Work also described as "purposeful activity" In the Montessori approach, these human tendencies are seen as driving behavior in every stage of development, and education should respond to and facilitate their expression. Maria montessori education involves free activity within a "prepared environment", meaning an educational environment tailored to basic human characteristics, to the specific characteristics of children at different ages, and to the individual personalities of each child.
In addition to offering access to the Montessori materials appropriate to the age of the children, the environment should exhibit the following characteristics: She saw different characteristics, learning modes, and developmental imperatives active in each of these planes, and called for educational approaches specific to each period.
During this period, Montessori observed that the child undergoes striking physical and psychological development. The first-plane child is seen as a concrete, sensorial explorer and learner engaged in the developmental work of psychological self-construction and building functional independence.
Montessori introduced several concepts to explain this work, including the absorbent mind, sensitive periods, and normalization. She believed Maria montessori this is a power unique to the first plane, and that it fades as the child approached age six.
In Montessori education, the classroom environment responds to these periods by making appropriate materials and activities available while the periods are active in each individual young child. She identified the following periods and their durations: During this period, Montessori observed physical and psychological changes in children, and developed a classroom environment, lessons, and materials, to respond to these new characteristics.
Physically, she observed the loss of baby teeth and the lengthening of the legs and torso at the beginning of the plane, and a period of uniform growth following. Psychologically, she observed the "herd instinct", or the tendency to work and socialize in groups, as well as the powers of reason and imagination.
Developmentally, she believed the work of the second plane child is the formation of intellectual independence, of moral sense, and of social organization.
Montessori characterized the third plane by the physical changes of puberty and adolescence, but also psychological changes.
She emphasized the psychological instability and difficulties in concentration of this age, as well as the creative tendencies and the development of "a sense of justice and a sense of personal dignity. Developmentally, Montessori believed that the work of the third plane child is the construction of the adult self in society.
Montessori wrote comparatively little about this period and did not develop an educational program for the age. She envisioned young adults prepared by their experiences in Montessori education at the lower levels ready to fully embrace the study of culture and the sciences in order to influence and lead civilization.
Some smaller aspects that could be integrated into montessori schools include geography, art, and gardening. Education and peace[ edit ] As Montessori developed her theory and practice, she came to believe that education had a role to play in the development of world peace.
From the s to the end of her life, she gave a number of lectures and addresses on the subject saying inPreventing conflicts is the work of politics; establishing peace is the work of education.
They are educational stories that also spark the imagination of the students. It is important to not rush through them and give time for research in between.Maria Montessori was a prolific and highly quotable writer. In her long and varied career as a physician, professor, intellectual, and full-time educator, she wrote for both professional and lay audiences, penning books, journal .
The Montessori Method [Maria Montessori] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Montessori method is characterized by an emphasis on self-directed activity on the part of the child and clinical observation on the part of the teacher.
It stresses the importance of adapting the child's learning environment to his or her . THE EARLY YEARS. Maria Montessori was always a little ahead of her time. At age thirteen, against the wishes of her father but with the support of her mother, she began to attend a boys' technical school.
Maria Montessori was an Italian physician, educator, and innovator, acclaimed for her educational method that builds on the way children naturally learn. Discover books, read about the author, find related products, and more. More about Maria Montessori. The Montessori Method of education, developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to ashio-midori.comsori's method has been used for over years in many parts of the world.
The Montessori method views the child as one who is naturally eager for .