Locke defined the possibilities and parameters of African American art and gave it a past as well as a future. He spent his childhood in Philadelphia, a center of abolitionist activity during the Civil War.
During this period, blacks generated for themselves a sense of pride and identity through creative expression. Though the literary, musical, and artistic innovation was concentrated in Harlem, New York City, the passion there soon spilled over and spread across the United States.
This attention to the local was never more profoundly embodied than in the work of Zora Neale Hurston, a prominent essayist, poet, and above all, anthropologist of the Harlem Renaissance. The art produced at this time varied greatly in theme.
It ranges from the depiction of grandiose urban lifestyles to mundane rural landscapes; from the frivolous daily motions of individuals to the all-encompassing and weighty themes of slavery and cultural origins in Africa.
Note on selection choices: We decided to focus on the societal unit, and moreover, its diversity and mutability. Based on this observation, we surmised: What better way to model our approach to after than the anthropological work of Zora Neale Hurston herself?
Hayden, Midsummer Night in Harlem,oil on canvas Gallery Guide Mailou Jones, Brother Brown,watercolor on paper A notable central theme is the depiction and reinterpretation of everyday life.
Much of the art of the Harlem Renaissance features scenes of people living their lives and performing everyday tasks. The works of art are not meant to be mundane but rather intended to capture undertones of emotion and struggle present in the everyday lives of s and 30s blacks in America.
Many of the struggles present in the Harlem Renaissance occurred because it was a time of great change and marked a convergence of vastly different ideologies. During the Harlem Renaissance there was a great struggle for intellectual recognition among African-American artists, authors, poets and scholars.
The objective of Harmon foundation was to recognize and support African American achievements in the field of fine arts, literature, education, business, music, religious service, science, farming and race relations. The Harlem Renaissance The term Harlem Renaissance refers to an artistic, cultural, and social beginning of writing about race and African American's place in America in the 's and early 's. What was the Harmon Foundation and what was its role in the Harlem Renaissance? In , William Harmon, a white real estate developer, established the Harmon Foundation in New York City to recognize African American achievements, not only in the fine arts but also in business, education, farming, literature, music, race relations, religious.
For the first time, during the Harlem Renaissance there was a major effort to bring academic and historical legitimacy to many classic folk tales and lore. Portrait of Langston Hughes in Harlem, June Among the most important thinkers of the Harlem Renaissance was Zora Neale Hurston, who was greatly influential in legitimizing and spreading the messages of the Harlem Renaissance.
More specifically, Hurston was known in large part for her anthropological and literary contributions to the Harlem Renaissance.
Hurston wrote a great deal about what it means to be a black woman in a society dominated by white men.
One major contribution of Hurston was her writings for the Harlem publication Fire! In large part Fire!
The new ideas of the Harlem Renaissance spread by publications such as Fire!! However, the Harlem Renaissance was clearly about much more than just the spread of new ideas through the written word; art and music were also pivotal important in giving birth to the Harlem Renaissance.
Hard Times Ignite the Arts These circumstances, coupled with the anger and frustration of the black American population ignited the arts during the Harlem Renaissance as an outlet to show the world the plight of their community.
Our exhibit features works such as Free Clinic by Jacob Lawrence. This painting shows a large group of black Americans crowded into a waiting room. They are battered and down trodden under the surveillance of a white official. The scene depicts a few black Americans waiting in line at a crowded soup kitchen for what may possibly be their only meal of the day.
Black American artists used these images to give the rest of the world a first-hand view into the hardships of their daily life during the Great Depression, and, in doing so, they launched the Harlem Renaissance. A Social Commentator Arguably the most influential anthropologist of the Harlem Renaissance, Zora Neale Hurston became renowned for both her detailed ethnographies which centered on her hometown of Eatonville, Florida, and her large-scale work as a talented writer.
In many of her writings, Hurston recounts the struggles she faced on a daily basis as a black woman. However, in this iconic portrait photograph, Hurston seems to defy these tactless impressions.
The Sanctity of the Mundane During the Harlem Renaissance, African American painters, writers, sculptors, musicians and poets looked inward toward their culture as a source of inspiration for their work. There are numerous works of art in this exhibition that depict everyday life during the Harlem Renaissance.
The art of the Harlem Renaissance laid the foundation for the Civil Rights Movement by exposing the ardent passion African Americans had for their culture and its importance in American society.It describes the influence of the Harmon Foundation in creating an artistic home where Black visual artists flourished and developed a wide range of talent.
Also included were items in the show curated by the Newark Museum to celebrate the work of the Foundation. The objective of Harmon foundation was to recognize and support African American achievements in the field of fine arts, literature, education, business, music, religious service, science, farming and race relations.
From Harlem to Texas: African American Art and the Murals of Aaron Douglas By Marianne Woods • October 23, Art, Black History Month, Culture, Research, Special Featured Blog Series Black Arts and Texas may seem like an incongruous subject to folks living in the twenty-first century but thinking about the subject in seems even more problematic.
The Harlem Renaissance The term Harlem Renaissance refers to an artistic, cultural, and social beginning of writing about race and African American's place in America in the 's and early 's.
The Harmon Foundation. Foundation. Real estate developer and philanthropist William E. Harmon () was one of many white Americans intrigued by the flowering of African-American art and literature in the s.
The Harlem Renaissance, then, was an African American literary and artistic movement anchored in Harlem, but drawing from, extending to, and influencing African American communities across the country and beyond.