Wave of Western feminism Women in India have always been topics of concern since ancient times. They can be the appropriate example of perfect home-makers.
Essay on The Position of Women in India! The position of women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places.
The cultural history of India reveals that in India theoretically women enjoyed the status of devi goddess as described in many religious texts of Hindus, the majority community in India.
Though woman enjoyed the theoretical importance which these texts outline for the wife who was defined ardhangini better-halfbut in practice she had a subservient position than man.
It was generally seen and believed that women had lower status with reference to power and influence than men in all spheres of life—family, community, religion and politics.
Till recently, it was held that up to marriage, she is protected by her parents, during married life, she is looked after by her husband, and after the death of her husband, she was used to spend remaining years of her life under The position of women in indian society roof of her children without any will or desire and rights in the family.
She was not allowed to decide how money would be spent or invested.
She did not have any money at her disposal. She had to take permission to spend money from her elders—father, brother or husband or any other male or female elder person in the family. In brief, she had no personality of her own. Some scholars have explained this inferior status of women as a result of patriarchal code of living.
The rigid codes of behaviour as outlined for women in Brahmanical texts were also responsible for the low status of women in India.
In the following paragraphs we will survey, in brief, the position of women in India from Rigvedic period to modern times. It is generally upheld on the basis of the instances depicted in religious texts e.
They had an honourable place in the society. They were not secluded from men and freely participated in public life. They attended great assemblies and state occasions.
They studied the Vedas and composed hymns. They also distinguished themselves in science and learning at their times.
They were considered intellectual companies of their husbands, as the friends and loving helpers in the journey of life of their partners, in their religious duties and the centre of their domestic bliss.
In Vedic times, women were not treated as inferior or subordinate but equal to men in all matters of life. They were given education and had a voice in the selection of their husband. Marriage was regarded as a religious bond. Child marriage was unknown.
Often there were love marriages known as Gandharva Vivaha. Monogamy was a general rule. Polygamy was almost unknown.
Women enjoyed complete freedom in household matters. In the religious field, women enjoyed all rights and regularly participated in religious ceremonies. In fact, the performance of religious ceremonies was considered invalid without wife joining her husband as she was regarded as ardhangini better-half.
The references in the Rigveda to the life of a widow are very few but it was not characterized by restrictions and austerities as in the post-Vedic days. Remarriage of widows was allowed.
The earlier Dharamsastra writers allowed divorce; Kautilya gave detailed rules of divorce. As regards sati, burning of the widow, Shakuntala Rao Sastri writes that the Rigveda does not mention anywhere the practice of the burning or burial of widows with their dead husbands.
As regards property rights, according to Vedic hymns, both husband and wife was joint owner of the property. Women inherited and possessed property, but their rights were limited. Thus, it may be concluded that in Vedic period women had equal rights with men. Their status was fairly high and they were treated as equals with men in almost all spheres of life.
The position enjoyed by women in Vedic period deteriorated in post-Vedic period. It was gradually degraded in the Puranic and Smriti periods. The description of position before BC shows that she enjoyed a fairly high status, though not to the extent that she enjoyed in Vedic period.
It appears that several drastic changes that took place in the Indian society from about BC to the beginning of the Christian era led to the curtailment of freedom of women.Home > Society > Indian Women > Position of Women in India Women in India have the perfect blend of strength and tenderness.
They have the beautiful quality to manage home and the outer world simultaneously. India comprises varied ethnic groups, yet you'll find a common lifestyle pattern. Read about the Indian people's way of living. Women: Essay on The Position of Women in India.
Essay on The Position of Women in India!
The decades after independence have seen tremendous changes in the status and position of the women in Indian society. The Constitution of India has laid down as a fundamental right the equality of sexes. Introduction: One of the major problems of India society is the inferior position accorded to women.
The do not enjoy equal status and their condition is far from satisfactory. In this article, we have tried to cover the condition, status and position of women in different period, viz.
Ancient, Medieval, British and Independent period. The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia. With a decline in their status from the ancient to medieval times Women in parliament: %. The status of women in India has been subject to many great changes over the past few millennia.
With a decline in their status from the ancient to medieval times.